God's Deliverance of Israel and the World: Isa 27, 32, 35, 41, 43-45, 49-52, 54-56, 59-63, 65, 66

Chapter 27

Israel described as a vineyard that God has tended
    --> That they will fill the World with fruit (Isa 27:6)
7 - "Has he struck Israel as He struck those who struck him?"
8-9 - "Sending it away" = captivity; "by this the iniquity of Jacob will be covered"
  • So, what is the fruit of the vineyard? The altars, idols, fortified cities destroyed
12 - "in that day" = final coming
  • Israel will once and for all be brought back from "captivity" to Jerusalem to worship
  • What is this "captivity"?

  • 70 AD: First Jewish–Roman War in which the Romans destroy the Second Temple and most of Jerusalem. This eliminates the symbolic center of Judaism and Jewish identity and Jews to reformulate a new self-definition and existence not tied to this physical location and an indefinite period of displacement.
  • 132: Bar Kokhba leads a rebellion connected with the renaming of Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina. After four years of devastating warfare, the uprising is suppressed and Jews are forbidden access to Jerusalem.
  • 1492: expulsion from Spain
  • 1290: expulsion from England
  • WWII: fleeing from the Nazis
  • 1948-73: expulsion from Arab countries

Chapter 32 - Christ's millennial reign

  • There will be a "good" leader in contrast to the "evil" leaders previously discussed in the book
  • Also in contrast, will be the people under him who will hear, and see, and speak as opposed to Isaiah's generation (v. 3-4)
  • And people will be genuine (true generosity, and true foolishness); we will not be able to hide our motives behind good sounding speech
v. 9-14 - a warning to the women (similar to chapter 3) against of coming destruction that will lead to famine
  • We again have vineyard imagery, but now destruction of the vineyard instead of tending (cf. Isa 27:2-6) 
v. 15 - The Spirit will be the transformation that will bring about the change in people's hearts and actions of v. 3-8
  • Has this (Isa 32:15-20) happened yet?

Chapter 35 - The future glory of Zion

Christ's future reign described with:
  • Blossoming plants (Isa 35:1-2, 6-7) (cf. Isa 27:2-6)
  • Healing (Isa 35:5-6)
  • Joy and singing (Isa 35:10)

All of this is a reflection of God's glory (Isa 35:2)

So, we have a description of the eventual kingdom of God, but we are also part of the kingdom of God now (Mark 1:15).  Isa 35:5-6 is a description of the future kingdom of God, yet Jesus uses this very passage to proclaim the coming of the kingdom in Mat. 11:2-6.  So, Jesus brought about the kingdom, and yet the kingdom is yet to come.

We have the Holy Spirit, enabling us to be reflections of the kingdom NOW. 
  • What does that look like?